Learn about the education and preparation needed to become a lawyer. Get a quick view of the requirements as well as details about degree programs, job duties and licensure to find out if this is the career for you.
A lawyer may work as an attorney, solicitor, legal executive or barrister. Their job is to handle litigation, argue for a case, negotiate, prepare court documents and provide legal advice, among other services. To become a lawyer, one needs to graduate from law school and pass the state bar exam to obtain licensure.
Lawyers, also known as attorneys, are legal specialists who help clients interpret laws and deal with legal issues. To become a lawyer, one must complete a graduate law school program accredited by the American Bar Association and pass his or her state’s bar exam. Many lawyers specialize in a specific area of law; discipline range from corporate and divorce law to criminal defense and legal aid.
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), job opportunities for lawyers are expected to increase by 6% between 2014 and 2024 (www.bls.gov). The BLS attributed this growth to a general increase in the demand for legal services; although, many law firms are cutting down on staff, which is why the increase is only average.
However, the BLS also reported that, as more college graduates attend law school, the job market is expected to become increasingly competitive. Employers may favor attorneys who have specialized in an area related to law, which they can do by completing a specialized Master of Laws (LL.M.) program after earning their first law degree. Job prospects may also be better in urban areas.
As of May 2015, according to the BLS, lawyers earned a average annual salary of $136,260. Those working in industrial machinery manufacturing earned the highest wages, with an average salary of $212,060 per year.
Most practicing lawyers work for law firms, corporate legal departments or government agencies. Many specialize in a specific area, such as cyber or corporate law. Some lawyers advise clients and represent them in court. For example, a criminal attorney may provide a client with legal options, argue on his or her behalf in front of a judge and cross-examine witnesses.
After finishing a 4-year undergraduate program, aspiring lawyers must complete a graduate program at an accredited law school. Traditional law school programs usually last three years and culminate in a Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree. Core studies include constitutional, contractual and property law. During their final years of study, most students choose a specialization or concentration, such as business or environmental law.
All states require would-be lawyers to pass their respective bar exams prior to beginning practice. Most states also mandate lawyers to take an ethics exam. Once they have passed the exam in one state, lawyers who want to practice in a different state may have to take it again.
Lawyers must complete an undergraduate degree, then a three-year law school program before taking their state’s bar exam. The job outlook for lawyers is predicted increase an average amount, by 6%, from 2014-2024, with the employment number largely dependent on what industry they work in. Overall, lawyers in general make a large salary, usually over $100,000, which also varies by industry.